Catalogue: Physiognomy. Blue arrow pointing to the right Kitāb Sirr al-asrār (MS A 57): (The Secret of Secrets): كتاب سر السرار: attributed to Aristotle. Kitab Sirr al-Asrar: Secretum Secretorum, or The Book of the Secret of Secrets & The Original Illuminati By Sayyid Ahmed Amiruddin. In , Dr. Abdalrahmdn Badawi edited the first printed version of the. Kitab al- Siydsah fi tadbir al-riydsah, usually known by its subtitle Sirr al-asrdr **.
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The earliest extant editions al-asrag to be based on a 9th-century Arabic translation of a Syriac translation of the lost Greek original. Modern scholarship finds it likely to have been a 10th-century work composed in Arabic. Translated into Latin in the midth century, it was influential among European intellectuals during the High Middle Ages.
The origin of the treatise remains uncertain.
900 – Secret of Secrets – Kitab sirr al-asrar
The Arabic edition claims to be a translation from Greek by 9th-century scholar Abu Yahya ibn al-Batriq died CEand one of the main translators of Greek-language philosophical works for Al-Ma’munworking from a Syriac edition which was itself translated from a Greek original.
It contains supposed letters from Aristotle to his pupil Alexander the Great.
No such texts have been discovered and it appears the work was actually composed in Arabic. The letters may thus derive from the Islamic and Persian legends surrounding Alexander. The Arabic treatise is preserved in two copies: Modern scholarship considers that the text must date to after the Encyclopedia of the Brethren of Purity and before the work of Ibn Juljul in the late 10th century.
The Hebrew edition was also the basis for a translation into Russian. The first Latin translation was done for the Portuguese queen c. The second translation was done at Antioch c. Some 13th-century editions include additional sections.
Secretum Secretorum – Wikipedia
The Secretum Secretorum claims to be a treatise written by Aristotle to Alexander during his conquest of Litab Persia. Its topics range from ethical questions that face a ruler to astrology to the medical and magical properties of plants, gems, and numbers to an account of a unified science which is accessible only to a scholar with the proper moral and intellectual background.
The enlarged 13th-century edition includes alchemical references and an early version of the Emerald Tablet.
It was one of the most widely read texts of the High Middle Ages or even the most-read. La-asrar is particularly connected with the 13th-century English scholar Roger Baconwho cited it more often than his contemporaries and even produced an edited manuscript with his own introduction and notes, an unusual honor.
This led midth century scholars like Steele to claim that Bacon’s contact with the Secretum Secretorum was the key event pushing him towards experimental science; more recent scholarship is less sweeping in its claims but still accords it an important place in research of his later works. Scholarly attention to the Secretum Secretorum waned around but lay interest has continued to this day among students of the occult.
Scholars today see it as sir window onto medieval intellectual ktiab There is another book called The Book of Secrets Arabic: Kitab al-Asrar ; Latin: Liber Secretorum by Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Raziwhich appeared in Europe around the same time and has been often confused with the Secretum Secretorum. It deals more specifically with alchemyproviding practical recipes, classification of minerals, and descriptions of laboratory equipment and procedures. There is a third book called The Book on Physiognomy Arabic: Kitab Fi al-Firasah which was also attributed to Aristotle and claimed to have been translated into Arabic by Hunayn ibn Ishaq in the 9th century.
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