Epinephelus itajara. This large, solitary fish will defend its territory when threatened, with aggressive body language and a rumbling sound it. Learn more about the Atlantic goliath grouper – with amazing Atlantic goliath grouper videos, photos and facts on Arkive. The Atlantic goliath grouper or itajara (Epinephelus itajara), also known as the jewfish, is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow.

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Senegal to Congo reported as Epinephelus esonueRef. Discrete populations of E.

Atlantic goliath grouper

Short description Morphology Morphometrics Dorsal spines total: Distinguished by the following characteristics: Pelvic fins smaller than the pectorals. Bases of soft dorsal and anal fins covered with scales and thick skin. Juveniles tawny with irregular vertical bands.


Found on rock, coral, or mud bottoms Ref.

Juveniles found in mangrove areas and brackish estuaries Ref. Large adults may be found in estuaries Ref. Adults appear to occupy limited home ranges with little inter-reef movement.

Feeds primarily on crustaceans, particularly spiny lobsters as well as turtles and fishes, including stingrays.

Territorial near ltajara refuge cave or wreck where it may show a threat display with open mouth and quivering body. Larger individuals have been known to stalk and attempt to eat divers. Over-fished, primarily by spear fishing Ref.

Epinephelus itajara, Atlantic goliath grouper : fisheries, gamefish

Marketed fresh and salted. Meat is of excellent quality. Important game fish Ref. Reported to reach weights of more than kg Ref. Main reference Upload your references References Coordinator: Groupers of the world family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae.

An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Sounds Ciguatera Speed Swim.


Estimates of some properties based on models Preferred temperature Ref. Phylogenetic diversity index Ref. Low, minimum population doubling time 4. High to very high vulnerability 70 of You can sponsor this page. Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 – m Ref. A solitary species Ref. Collaborators Pictures Stamps, Coins Misc. Summary page Point data Common names Photos. Entered by Luna, Susan M.

Human uses

Modified by Sampang-Reyes, Arlene G. Sign our Guest Book. Native range Point map Year